Complete Kusadasi Guide - Kusadasi Hotels, Restaurants, Beaches, Ephesus, Night Life and more
Kusadasi History
Kusadasi History

Lelegians are believed to be the earliest settlers at the slopes of the Pilav Mountain in Kusadasi. 

In 1190 BC, after the battles at the Trojan War, Agamennon -the brother of King Menallos- came to Pygale district and stayed 10 years as his soliders and ships were taken care of. 

At the 7th century BC, Pygale and Neopolis (today known as Yilanci Burnu) were outposts of the Ionian league cities such as Ephesus. 

At the 2st century BC, Romans arrived at Asia Minor and started possessing the Aegean coast. 

When the Roman Empire was divided into two at the 3rd century AD, Kusadasi and the area became a part of the Byzantine, the Eastern Roman Empire.

Around 6th – 7th century AD, the port of Ephesus was completely silted by the depozits of the Meander river and could not be used anymore. Venetian and Genoese shippers started using the port of Kusadasi with the name Scala Nova meaning the New Port.

Scala Nova added popularity to Phygale and Neopolis and created the early foundations of today’s Kusadasi. 

The Turkish domination in the area started at the 11th century AD with the invasion of the area by the Seljukian sultan Kilic Arslan the 2nd.

In year 1390 AD, Ottoman Emperor Yildirim Bayezit invaded the area. 

During the reign of Ottomans, Kusadasi was introduced to glorious structures, giving a new look to its former spectacular view. 

Okuz Mehmet Pasa Caravanserai is the most beautiful building of the Ottoman architecture in the city, was built by the man of the same name, who was the grand vizier during the reigns of Sultan Ahmet1 and Osman2. The fortress gates, walls and many mosques in the center of Kusadasi, as well as the citadel of the castle in Pigeon Island, were built during the Ottoman period, reflecting the architectural style of the era. 

After the First World War, Kusadasi was invaded by the Itaian and Greeks troops in order between 1919 -1922. In 7 September 1922, to the end of the Turkish Independence War, Turks gained control over Kusadasi and the city became a part of Turkish Republic. 

At first, Kusadasi was a district of Izmir province. In 1954, it became a district of Aydin province. 

Today, Kusadasi is one of Turkey’s most sophisticated holiday centers; a perfect place for vacation with its sandy beaches and colorful life.