Complete Kusadasi Guide - Kusadasi Hotels, Restaurants, Beaches, Ephesus, Night Life and more

Pergamum ancient city is near the modern town of Bergama (the province of Izmir), 170 km (100 miles) from Kusadasi. Most of the monuments and buildings in Pergamum were constructed of high-quality white marble in the finest Hellenistic style dating back to 197-159 BC and Pergamum was one of the Seven Churches of Revelation. 

Pergamum has 3 main sections: Acropolis, Lower City and Asklepion. Acropolis is at the top of a hill overlooking the town of Bergama and the view from the top is great. It is the highest, oldest and most beautiful section of ancient Pergamum. Columns from Hellenistic and Roman periods and a huge theatre overlooking the valley in acropolis are in great condition. The ancient theater of Pergamum is one of the steepest ancient theaters in the world and had a capacity of 10,000 people. The ancient library of Pergamum was the second of the largest collections of written material in the ancient world after the Library of Alexandria in Egypt. The water system of the top city and how clean water was brought up that high thousands of years ago is impressive.

Asklepion has beautiful remains of a famous medical school that apparently focused on treating mental patients and it was more like a modern spa than a hospital. 

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