Pergamon Ancient City





Pergamon is an ancient Greek city that is occupied by the modern town of Bergama (the province of Izmir). Most of the monuments and buildings in Pergamum which were constructed of high-quality white marble in the finest Hellenistic style date back to 197-159 BC and Pergamum was one of the Seven Churches of Revelation. 

Pergamon has 3 main parts such as Acropolis, Lower City and Asklepion. Acropolis is at the top of a hill overlooking the small town of Bergama and the view from the top is great. It is the highest, oldest and arguably most beautiful section of Pergamon. 

There are reconstructed columns from the Greek and Roman periods and a huge sloping theatre overlooking the valley in the Acropolis. The Theater of Pergamon is one of the steepest theaters in the world and had a capacity of 10,000 people. 

Asklepion has beautiful remains of a famous medical school that apparently focused on treating mental patients and it was more like a modern spa than a hospital. The library in Pergamon was certainly one of the largest collections of written material in the ancient world and it is supposed to have rivaled that of Alexandria in Egypt.

Today much of Pergamon is on display in Berlin, Germany but the Turkish government is trying to get it back from Germany bringing the issue to the international court.



  • Bergama

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